After three courses of intensive Schroth treatment, each of 3 months duration (center).
After four in-patient courses (right).
Treatment in this extraordinary case was significantly longer than usual.
SCOLIOTIC IMBALANCES AND ROTATIONS
In a typical scoliotic configuration, depicted at right, back musculature pulls lower ribs so that the lumbar (abdominal) region rotates laterally, downwards, and backwards.
To maintain the torso's upright and forward orientation, the thoracic (chest) region must twist back in the opposite directions, and the cervical (neck) area responds with a third abnormal twist. Other imbalances are often present in the lower extremities. The resulting eccentric loads predispose the scoliosis to a vicious cycle of progression with unpredictable outcome.
In its effort to reverse the scoliotic spinal rotations, the Schroth method of scoliosis exercise therapy addresses all three planes -- sagittal, frontal, and transverse. This means that correction needs to occur not only from side to side and front to back, but also longitudinally: that is, the spine which has shortened because of rotation must also be lengthened. Hence the Schroth method's designation as "three-dimensional" therapy.
CORRECTING SCOLIOTIC POSTURE
SCHROTH TREATMENT GOALS
Scoliosis is characterised by a more or less pronounced change in the balance of forces, starting already in the feet, legs and hips, with inequality of muscles in terms of length and size. The greater the deviations from the midline, the longer the affected muscles become and the more volume is lost. They become flaccid and finally inactive. They lose their supportive function. Shape changes are only possible because the muscles permit them to happen. They become longer or shorter depending on the direction in which the trunk is moved and rotated. In other words, deviations of the trunk to the side or backwards can only develop if the corresponding supportive muscles give way and become elongated.
Therefore, treatment must improve posture so that the body can regain its original vertical axis. This can only happen by developing and training the corresponding muscle groups responsible for upright posture. To restore muscular balance, those muscles that have grown longer must be shortened and those that have become shorter must be lengthened. In order for these to be able to hold the spinal column and ribcage in their normal vertical position again, they need to be strengthened -- and on both sides. It is absolutely essential that the inactive, shortened muscles perform strength work in the lengthened state. [pp. 42-43]
The basis of correction is a properly aligned pelvis. A scoliotic pelvis is often not only shifted laterally but also tilted and rotated. Therefore the spine, which attaches to the pelvis via the sacrum, has a misaligned foundation. The Schroth method first addresses the patient's pelvis position with five corrections.
The treatment can then focus on spinal elongation, and on derotation by means of individually designed scoliosis exercises.
One of the primary Schroth tools is strengthening exercises tailored to the individual patient. Another, the unique rotational breathing technique, focuses on vertebral derotation using the ribs as levers, as well as on increasing the patient's vital capacity. Click the page Exercises for Scoliosis to see a few sample Schroth method scoliosis exercises designed for a specific patient.
HISTORY OF THE SCHROTH METHOD
AND THE AUTHOR
As a girl, Christa Lehnert-Schroth began helping her mother Katharina with scoliosis patients. Eventually she was formally educated as a physical therapist and joined her mother's practice. In 1961 they moved their clinic to Bad Sobernheim (Rhineland), where the author was director until 1995. The Asklepios Katharina-Schroth Klinik now accommodates 200 inpatients concurrently and has a waiting list for its treatment courses.
Christa Lehnert-Schroth treated or supervised more than 10,000 scoliosis patients in her 50-year career. Though retired from active practice, she retains an active interest in helping patients and therapists worldwide.